The year 2021. This is in sharp contrast to only 60 million (15 percent) who lived in urban areas in 1947 when the country became independent. During the last sixty years the population of the country has grown two and half times, while the urban India has grown by nearly five times. The positive role of urbanization has often been over-shadowed by the deterioration in the physical environment and quality of life in the urban areas caused by widening gap between demand and supply of essential services and infrastructure. It is further associated with many problems, such as high levels of poverty, environmental stress, risks to productivity, high health costs, and lack of access to basic services, such as water supply, sanitation, and housing. The insufficient availability of services, inadequate awareness and also poor operation and maintenance has also given rise to poor sanitation conditions. Hence, therefore, proper allocation of resources both in terms of human and monetary will improve the sanitary conditions and also awareness among people – in turn improve the hygienic conditions of the city. Since the level of investments and participation required for this sector i.e. on water supply, sanitation and solid waste management is of very high order, it is felt that the national level initiatives are required that would bring the Central, State and Local governments and on the other side Non-government organizations and public participation are also required together to ensure proper flow of necessary funds to bring about any kind of developments and improvements in these sectors to an acceptable level in tune with the international standards. The government should also recognize the urban issues which require integrated approaches that specifically target the urban poor and slum areas, promote sanitation and sewerage services at basic household levels to community levels and develop the city as a living eco-sanitation and foster the involvement of private sectors and also the civic societies. Considering Gurgaon, this city and its development activities are the prime drivers of sanitation and sewerage problems and also problems in solid and liquid waste management and in other key potential areas such as slaughter houses, hospitals, public places, institutions, industries and schools, the Vision provides incentives or development strategies at every possible potential areas at local level, and also incentives that can be undertaken at institutional, structural and fiscal reform levels that are necessary for improved and sustainable service delivery systems – addressing all sectors/ groups of population and also enhance the operation and maintenance of these services. The incentives also include IEC strategies and action plans to bring awareness and improve the public participation in well-utilization of available sanitation and sewerage services. Thus, in order to propose any strategy / action plan for the improvements of the city’s sanitation and sewerage conditions and reduce the potential problems of the city, it is very important to make a situational analysis of the current conditions.
Shivam Jan Swasthya Evem Sarwangin Vikash Kendra a non-governmental organization (NGO) is any, voluntary citizens' group which is organized on a local, national or international level. Task-oriented and driven by people with a common interest, NGOs perform a variety of service and humanitarian functions, bring citizen concerns to Governments, advocate and monitor policies and encourage political participation through provision of information. We are organized around specific issues, such as human rights, environment or health.
The population of India is 1027 million with approximately 28% or 285 million living in urban centres and it is expected that the share of urban population will increase to about 40% of total population by